The Adolescent diaphyseal fractures (Femur, Tibia & Fibula, Humerus, Radius & Ulna) pose a dilemma regarding the optimal treatment. During this period the skeleton is actively growing, so any form of treatment should be such that at one hand it should not restrict the mobility / easy nursing of the child as occurs in different conservative mode of treatments and on the other hand it should not damage the growing ends of the bone as may occur in some operative procedures like rigid nailing. So, keeping these problems in mind a most suited & balanced approach to manage these fractures in Adolescents is Elastic intramedullary nailing. This is simple, minimally invasive technique with minimal implantation. There is least soft tissue dissection, blood loss & cosmetic damage. There is small learning curve and no risk of pressure sores or growth disturbances. Elastic intramedullary nailing provides a combination of elastic mobility & stability. Living tissues also provide stability and aid in the rapid healing with minimal growth disturbance thus leading to rapid return of function - hence it is a Physiological method of treatment.
In human anatomy, the ankle joint is formed where the foot and the leg meet. The ankle, or talocrural joint, is a synovial hinge joint that connects the distal ends of the tibia and fibula in the lower limb with the proximal end of the talus bone in the foot. The articulation between the tibia and the talus bears more weight than between the smaller fibula and the talus. The term ankle is used to describe structures in the region of the ankle joint proper
Forensic anthropology, as a sub-discipline of applied physical anthropology, since its inception has contributed immensely in crime scene investigations especially in identification of unknown skeletal material. It is established through numerous studies that long limbs bones have a definite relationship with stature of an individual and thus the length of a long bone could be used to predict the stature. Keeping this in view it is hypothesized that the linear, transverse, sagittal and circumferential dimensions of a long bone should also have a positive relationship with bone length almost in the same manner as a long bone length has it with stature. The present study, conducted on dry and fully ossified long bones, namely humerus, radius, ulna, femur, tibia and fibula aims at assessing the bilateral variations if any in the fragmentary measures of different long bones, correlation pattern between different fragmentary measurements and bone length, to formulate linear regression equations for estimation of bone length from fragmentary measurements and to identify certain new measurements for estimation of bone length, which have not been used by other researchers.
Osteofibrous dysplasia is a rare, benign non-neoplastic condition with no known cause. It is considered a fibrovascular defect. Campanacci described this condition in two leg bones, the tibia and fibula, and coined the term. In 1942, however, Jaffe and Lichtenstein described the same condition under the name "nonosteogenic fibroma", so the condition is often known as Jaffe-Campanacci Syndrome. The syndrome's exact nature is under debate, with some authors suggesting that it may be a manifestation of neurofibromatosis.The tibia is the most commonly involved bone, accounting for 85% of cases.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Ishango bone is a bone tool, dated to the Upper Paleolithic era. It is a dark brown length of bone, the fibula of a baboon, with a sharp piece of quartz affixed to one end, perhaps for engraving or writing. It was first thought to be a tally stick, as it has a series of tally marks carved in three columns running the length of the tool, but some scientists have suggested that the groupings of notches indicate a mathematical understanding that goes beyond counting. The Ishango bone was found in 1960 by Belgian Jean de Heinzelin de Braucourt while exploring what was then the Belgian Congo. It was discovered in the African area of Ishango, which was centered near the headwaters of the Nile River at Lake Edward (now on the border between modern-day Uganda and Congo). The bone was found among the remains of a small community that fished, gathered, and grew crops in this area of Africa. The small settlement had been buried in a volcanic eruption. The artifact was first estimated to have originated between 9,000 BC and 6,500 BC.
The incidence of major trauma due to road traffic accidents and other causes have not reduced inspite of safer roads and vehicles. Road traffic accidents are one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity in the age group of 15-44 years. The severely traumatized lower extremity presents a complex problem to the reconstructive surgeon. This book gives a comprehensive insight about the feasibility of the free vascularized fibula for tibial reconstruction. It studies the various aspects of vascularized bone healing including the time to union, the rate of hypertrophy and also the associated complications of the procedure. It also covers the steps of the operative technique with illustrations. This book should be especially useful for the reconstructive microsurgeons who are dealing with complex extremity injuries as well as the beginner who wants to learn the basics of lower limb reconstruction.
This atlas deals with the standard technique used for reconstructing the mandible and the maxilla - the fibula flap. The reader will find useful information on all issues that are important in the surgical procedure, including the use of CAD-CAM technology (Computer Assisted Technology), bone synthesis and flap modelling. The editors draw on their 30 years of experience to provide a step-by-step description of this surgical procedure. With the help of numerous illustrations, the reader will learn the technical, functional and aesthetic developments since 1989 when this technique was first described.Plastic surgeons, otorhinolaryngologists and oral- and maxillofacial surgeons will find this book a valuable guide to the sophisticated principles of jaw reconstruction and how to apply them in their everyday practice.